The Latest: Macron recalls lessons from failed WWI peace

The Latest: Macron recalls lessons from failed WWI peace
French president Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte Macron arrive at the official dinner on the eve of the international ceremony for the Centenary of the WWI Armistice of 11 November 1918 at the Orsay Museum, in Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Ian Langsdon/Pool Photo via AP) (Ian Langsdon)

PARIS (AP) — The Latest on World War I armistice commemorations (all times local):

11:30 p.m.

French President Emmanuel Macron is warning world leaders against taking peace for granted as he hosts events marking the end of World War I.

At a dinner Saturday night with visiting presidents and prime ministers, Macron said "some of us were on opposite sides at the time (of the war), and we are reunited tonight. That is the greatest homage we can pay" to the soldiers who fought in the first global war.

Macron will host ceremonies Sunday marking the Nov. 11, 1918 armistice, and then a peace forum where "we will talk about this peace that our predecessors tried to construct 100 years ago but failed to preserve, because 20 years later a new war broke out."

A soldier grave is pictured after a ceremony at the Aisne Marne American Cemetery near the Belleau Wood battleground, in Belleau, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. Belleau Wood, 90 kilometers (55 miles) northeast of the capital, Iis the place where U.S. troops had their breakthrough battle by stopping a German push for Paris shortly after entering the war in 1917. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
A soldier grave is pictured after a ceremony at the Aisne Marne American Cemetery near the Belleau Wood battleground, in Belleau, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. Belleau Wood, 90 kilometers (55 miles) northeast of the capital, Iis the place where U.S. troops had their breakthrough battle by stopping a German push for Paris shortly after entering the war in 1917. (AP Photo/Francois Mori) (AP)

The dinner was held in Paris' Orsay Museum. Macron thanked the guests, who included President Donald Trump, for taking part.

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French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte arrive at a diner Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018 in Paris. More than 60 heads of state and government are converging on France for the commemorations that will crescendo Sunday with ceremonies at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Paris on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, exactly a century after the armistice. (AP Photo/Kamil Zihnioglu)
French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte arrive at a diner Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018 in Paris. More than 60 heads of state and government are converging on France for the commemorations that will crescendo Sunday with ceremonies at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Paris on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, exactly a century after the armistice. (AP Photo/Kamil Zihnioglu) (AP)

3:15 p.m.

The leaders of France and Germany have held an intimate commemoration at the site north of Paris where the vanquished Germans and victorious but exhausted Allies put an end to World War 1.

French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are head to head after unveiling a plaque in the Clairiere of Rethondes during a commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, 100 years after the end of the First World War, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are head to head after unveiling a plaque in the Clairiere of Rethondes during a commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, 100 years after the end of the First World War, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP) (AP)

President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel used the occasion Saturday to laud European peace and to demonstrate, in person, how countries that were once bitter enemies need not stay that way.

Merkel even snuggled her head against Macron's head as they stood in front of a somber memorial. The two leaders also climbed aboard a replica of the train wagon where the armistice was signed a century ago Sunday. Macron affectionately took Merkel's hand after they signed a guestbook.

French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel hold hands after unveiling a plaque in the Clairiere of Rethondes during a commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, 100 years after the end of the First World War, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel hold hands after unveiling a plaque in the Clairiere of Rethondes during a commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, 100 years after the end of the First World War, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP) (AP)

Afterward, talking to young people in the crowd, Macron said he and the German chancellor wanted to mark the centenary because "We owe it to our soldiers who fell, to those young men who were your age or just a little bit older."

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French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel inspect a joint military brigade made up of troops of both side, in the Clairiere of Rethondes during a commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, 100 years after the end of the First World War, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel inspect a joint military brigade made up of troops of both side, in the Clairiere of Rethondes during a commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, 100 years after the end of the First World War, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP) (AP)

11:55 a.m.

French President Emmanuel Macron is pushing for a strong joint European military as he hosts international events marking the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I.

French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel lay a wreath of flowers in the Clairiere of Rethondes where the armistice was signed in a railway carriage in the pre-dawn hours of Nov. 11, 1918, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel lay a wreath of flowers in the Clairiere of Rethondes where the armistice was signed in a railway carriage in the pre-dawn hours of Nov. 11, 1918, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP) (AP)

Macron is launching a peace forum Sunday to stress the importance of multilateral cooperation to prevent new world wars, but he also stressed the importance of investing in Europe's military forces.

In a meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump, Macron said that "it's unfair to have European security today being assured by the U.S." He added "that's why I believe we need more European capacities and more defense."

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau places a flower at a gravestone as he tours the Canadian Ceremony No. 2 near Vimy Ridge, France, Saturday Nov. 10, 2018. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP)
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau places a flower at a gravestone as he tours the Canadian Ceremony No. 2 near Vimy Ridge, France, Saturday Nov. 10, 2018. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP) (AP)

Macron has pushed for a European intervention force but the idea meets resistance in some capitals, which want to keep military capabilities under national sovereignty.

He hailed a "superb operation" against Syria earlier this year — when U.S., French and British forces bombed targets believed to be part of President Bashar Assad's chemical weapons program.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau pauses as he lays a wreath on the Canadian National Vimy Memorial Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018 at Vimy Ridge, France. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP)
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau pauses as he lays a wreath on the Canadian National Vimy Memorial Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018 at Vimy Ridge, France. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP) (AP)

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11:35 a.m.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau views the names of fallen soldiers engraved in the Canadian National Vimy Memorial, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018 at Vimy Ridge, France. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP)
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau views the names of fallen soldiers engraved in the Canadian National Vimy Memorial, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018 at Vimy Ridge, France. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP) (AP)

With the words "Fake Peacemakers" written on their bare chests, three supporters of the Femen protest movement have demonstrated at the Paris site where world leaders will commemorate the 100th anniversary Sunday of the end of World War I.

Photos showed the three women holding placards spattered with fake blood and slogans, including 'Welcome War Criminals," at the protest early on Saturday at the Arc de Triomphe.

White House Chief of Staff John Kelly, left, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford attend a ceremony at the Aisne Marne American Cemetery near the Belleau Wood battleground, in Belleau, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. Belleau Wood, 90 kilometers (55 miles) northeast of the capital, Iis the place where U.S. troops had their breakthrough battle by stopping a German push for Paris shortly after entering the war in 1917. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
White House Chief of Staff John Kelly, left, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford attend a ceremony at the Aisne Marne American Cemetery near the Belleau Wood battleground, in Belleau, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. Belleau Wood, 90 kilometers (55 miles) northeast of the capital, Iis the place where U.S. troops had their breakthrough battle by stopping a German push for Paris shortly after entering the war in 1917. (AP Photo/Francois Mori) (AP)

French news reports said police quickly took the protesters away.

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White House Chief of Staff John Kelly, left, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford bow during for a ceremony at the Aisne Marne American Cemetery near the Belleau Wood battleground, in Belleau, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. Belleau Wood, 90 kilometers (55 miles) northeast of the capital, Iis the place where U.S. troops had their breakthrough battle by stopping a German push for Paris shortly after entering the war in 1917. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
White House Chief of Staff John Kelly, left, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford bow during for a ceremony at the Aisne Marne American Cemetery near the Belleau Wood battleground, in Belleau, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. Belleau Wood, 90 kilometers (55 miles) northeast of the capital, Iis the place where U.S. troops had their breakthrough battle by stopping a German push for Paris shortly after entering the war in 1917. (AP Photo/Francois Mori) (AP)

11:05 a.m.

French President Emmanuel Macron's office is objecting to U.S. President Donald Trump's tweet that it's "insulting" that Europe wants to build its own military.

French President Emmanuel Macron, right, and U.S President Donald Trump thumb up at the Elysee Palace in Paris, Saturday, Nov.10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)
French President Emmanuel Macron, right, and U.S President Donald Trump thumb up at the Elysee Palace in Paris, Saturday, Nov.10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus) (AP)

An official in Macron's office said that Trump lumped together two different comments by the French president. The two men are meeting in Paris on Saturday, and Macron's office says this issue will be on the table.

Trump tweeted Friday night that Macron "has just suggested that Europe build its own military in order to protect itself from the U.S., China and Russia. Very insulting, but perhaps Europe should first pay its fair share of NATO, which the U.S. subsidizes greatly!"

French President Emmanuel Macron, second right, his wife Brigitte, U.S President Donald Trump, and first lady Melania Trump, left, leave the Elysee Palace after their talks and lunch in Paris, Saturday, Nov.10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)
French President Emmanuel Macron, second right, his wife Brigitte, U.S President Donald Trump, and first lady Melania Trump, left, leave the Elysee Palace after their talks and lunch in Paris, Saturday, Nov.10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus) (AP)

The French official, who was not authorized to be publicly named, said Macron "did not say that."

Macron said in an interview earlier this week that Europe needs to protect itself against "China, Russia and even the United States" in terms of cyberspace. Later, Macron reiterated that Europe needs to build up its own military because it can no longer depend on the U.S. for defense.

French President Emmanuel Macron, third right, his wife Brigitte, U.S President Donald Trump, and first lady Melania Trump, second left, pose outside the Elysee Palace after their talks and lunch in Paris, Saturday, Nov.10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)
French President Emmanuel Macron, third right, his wife Brigitte, U.S President Donald Trump, and first lady Melania Trump, second left, pose outside the Elysee Palace after their talks and lunch in Paris, Saturday, Nov.10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus) (AP)

--By Angela Charlton

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U.S President Donald Trump thumbs up outside the Elysee Palace in Paris, Saturday, Nov.10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)
U.S President Donald Trump thumbs up outside the Elysee Palace in Paris, Saturday, Nov.10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus) (AP)

10:50 a.m.

Serbia is holding large military drills to mark 100 years since the end of World War I in an apparent show of force amid rising tensions with Kosovo.

French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel inspect a joint military brigade made up of troops of both side, in the Clairiere of Rethondes during a commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, 100 years after the end of the First World War, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel inspect a joint military brigade made up of troops of both side, in the Clairiere of Rethondes during a commemoration ceremony for Armistice Day, 100 years after the end of the First World War, in Compiegne, North of Paris, France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (Philippe Wojazer/Pool Photo via AP) (AP)

The live-ammunition maneuvers on Saturday, dubbed "The Century of Winners," include 8,000 soldiers, 100 battle tanks and MiG-29 fighter jets supplied by Russia.

Tensions recently have increased in the region, with Serbia and Kosovo accusing each other of undermining efforts at reconciliation following a 1998-99 war which ended after NATO intervention. The former Serbian province declared independence in 2008 which Belgrade doesn't recognize.

President Donald Trump is greeted by French President Emmanuel Macron after arriving at the Elysee Palace in Paris, Saturday Nov. 10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)
President Donald Trump is greeted by French President Emmanuel Macron after arriving at the Elysee Palace in Paris, Saturday Nov. 10, 2018. Trump is joining other world leaders at centennial commemorations in Paris this weekend to mark the end of World War I. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin) (AP)

Serbia is often wrongly accused of starting World War I after a Serb nationalist assassinated the Austrian archduke in Sarajevo, Bosnia, in 1914. Serbia suffered the worst losses proportional to the size of its army during the war.

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Flag bearers prepare to attend a World War I Centenary service at the St. Symphorien cemetery in Mons, Belgium, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. The cemetery contains the graves of the first and last British soldiers killed in the conflict, as well as the last Canadian killed. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)
Flag bearers prepare to attend a World War I Centenary service at the St. Symphorien cemetery in Mons, Belgium, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. The cemetery contains the graves of the first and last British soldiers killed in the conflict, as well as the last Canadian killed. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert) (AP)

10:15 a.m.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has paid homage to veterans at a World War I centennial commemoration in a cemetery in northern France, thanking soldiers for their service as he stood amid row upon row of silent graves.

A Canadian soldier, left, attends to a British soldier of the Royal Lancers after he was taken ill during a WWI Centenary service at the St. Symphorien cemetery in Mons, Belgium, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)
A Canadian soldier, left, attends to a British soldier of the Royal Lancers after he was taken ill during a WWI Centenary service at the St. Symphorien cemetery in Mons, Belgium, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert) (AP)

With medal-bedecked veterans in attendance Saturday morning, Trudeau spoke of the "history for which you bled and fought, a history built on your sacrifice."

He said Canada owes its veterans "a tremendous debt of gratitude" and added: "From the very bottom of our hearts, thank you."

A Canadian soldier, center right, attends to a British soldier of the Royal Lancers after he was taken ill during a WWI Centenary service at the St. Symphorien cemetery in Mons, Belgium, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)
A Canadian soldier, center right, attends to a British soldier of the Royal Lancers after he was taken ill during a WWI Centenary service at the St. Symphorien cemetery in Mons, Belgium, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert) (AP)

Clutching a red chrysanthemum, Trudeau also walked among the white gravestones at the Canadian Cemetery No. 2, in Neuville-St.Vaast in northern France. It holds the remains of 820 casualties from the 1914-1918 war.

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A Canadian soldier attends to a British soldier of the Royal Lancers after he was taken ill during a WWI Centenary service at the St. Symphorien cemetery in Mons, Belgium, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)
A Canadian soldier attends to a British soldier of the Royal Lancers after he was taken ill during a WWI Centenary service at the St. Symphorien cemetery in Mons, Belgium, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert) (AP)

9:50 a.m.

A weekend of commemorations involving dozens of world leaders to mark 100 years since the end of World War I is underway, with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau kicking off the events in France and elsewhere with a visit to a cemetery.

The US flag flutters at half mast prior to a ceremony at the Aisne-Marne American cemetery and memorial in Belleau, eastern France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. President Donald Trump cancelled his visit due to bad weather. More than 60 heads of state and government are converging on France for the commemorations that will crescendo Sunday with ceremonies at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Paris on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, exactly a century after the armistice. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
The US flag flutters at half mast prior to a ceremony at the Aisne-Marne American cemetery and memorial in Belleau, eastern France, Saturday, Nov. 10, 2018. President Donald Trump cancelled his visit due to bad weather. More than 60 heads of state and government are converging on France for the commemorations that will crescendo Sunday with ceremonies at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Paris on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, exactly a century after the armistice. (AP Photo/Francois Mori) (AP)

Trudeau met veterans and laid a wreath Saturday at a Canadian cemetery in northern France containing the remains of 820 casualties from the 1914-1918 conflict, many unidentified and lying under white headstones marked simply: A soldier of the Great War.

More than 60 heads of state and government are converging on France for the commemorations that will crescendo Sunday with ceremonies at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Paris on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, exactly a century after the armistice.

Canada's Minister of Veterans Affairs Seamus O'Regan looks on as Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau touches the names of fallen soldiers engraved in the Canadian National Vimy Memorial, Saturday Nov. 10, 2018 at Vimy Ridge, France. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP)
Canada's Minister of Veterans Affairs Seamus O'Regan looks on as Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau touches the names of fallen soldiers engraved in the Canadian National Vimy Memorial, Saturday Nov. 10, 2018 at Vimy Ridge, France. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP) (AP)
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stands among the military gravestones as he visits the Canadian Cemetery No. 2 near Vimy Ridge, France, Saturday Non. 10, 2018. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP)
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stands among the military gravestones as he visits the Canadian Cemetery No. 2 near Vimy Ridge, France, Saturday Non. 10, 2018. (Adrian Wyld/The Canadian Press via AP) (AP)