A smooth golf swing requires the effective functioning of many of the major joints of the body.
The shoulder joint is stabilized by a group of muscles called the rotator cuff. Weaknesses of or injuries to the rotator cuff muscles can limit the golfer's ability to swing through the ball.
The Lower Back
Lower back problems may involve the discs in the spinal column. More commonly, however, they are strains of muscles and ligaments. Resulting pain and muscle spasms can immobilize an individual.
The ability to turn or pivot on the knee during a golf swing can be adversely affected by injuries to the tendons or ligaments of the knee, particularly the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) which is located inside the joint.