Black nationalist and former Nation of Islam spokesperson Malcom X is assassinated in New York City.

President Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act.

Rioting in the black ghetto of Watts in Los Angeles leads to 35 deaths, 900 injuries, and over 3,500 arrests.

Civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael popularized the "Black Power" slogan.

The Black Panther Party is founded in Oakland California.

The worst summer of racial disturbances and unrest in American History takes place.

Thurgood Marshall is the first African American appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Carl B. Stokes is elected the first black mayor of a major U.S. city, Cleveland, OH.