Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate, as stated in the Constitution. Article III of the Constitution states that these judicial officers are appointed for a life term. The federal Judiciary, the Judicial Conference of the United States, and the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts play no role in the nomination and confirmation process
4. Before the Judiciary Committee holds a hearing on the nominee, it asks the American Bar Association (ABA) to rate the nominee's legal ability. The ABA reviews the candidate's record and gives a ranking.
5. Once the ABA has reviewed the nomination, and normally with the approval of both senators from the nominee's state, a hearing date is set.
6. After the hearing, the Committee votes on the nominee. If a majority of the committee votes in favor of the nominee, the nomination is sent to the full Senate for its consideration. If the majority votes against the nomination, the nomination dies.
7. The nomination is sent to the floor for debate.
8. If a majority of the Senate (or 3/5 of the Senate if a Senator filibusters the nominee) vote in favor of a nominee, the nominee is confirmed for a lifetime appointment to the federal bench.