INFORMATION SOURCE: Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center
Alabama law enforcement agencies reported a 10 percent decrease in the number of overall violent crimes reported in 2010, according to the state's Crime in Alabama 2010 report release by the Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center (ACJIC) Monday. This is 4.5 percent less than the national average reported in the FBI's Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report for Jan. – Dec. 2010 which was released in May 2011.
Each of the violent crimes included in the category, including murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, showed decreases in Alabama when compared to those reported in 2009, according to the report. Specifically, Alabama law enforcement agencies reported a 20 percent decrease in the number of homicides, a 13 percent decrease in the number of rapes, and a 10 percent decrease in the number of violent crimes reported in 2010, when compared with those reported in 2009. The largest decrease was in the number of robberies reported in Alabama in 2010, which indicated a 24 percent drop from the previous year.
The report also indicated that the number of property crimes in Alabama decreased 5 percent from January to December of 2010, which is 2.2 percent less than the 2.8 percent decrease reported by the FBI on a national level when compared to data from the same time period in 2009. Crime in Alabama 2010 also reported decreases in the property crime categories of burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle thefts.
Arson, also a property crime, increased 83 percent in Alabama in 2010. This number may be reflective of a change in the mandatory submission method* for this offense effective on January 1, 2010. Arson is not included in property crime totals reported by the FBI, but is instead listed as its own category.
The statewide crime statistics are based on incident, offense and arrest data submitted to the Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center (ACJIC) by law enforcement agencies across the state. The 35th edition of annual Crime in Alabama report was prepared by the ACJIC, which houses the Alabama Statistical Analysis Center.
Published by ACJIC each year, the annual Crime in Alabama publication features a compilation of offense and arrest data report by county, municipal, university and state law enforcement agencies throughout Alabama for the previous calendar year. The 2010 report includes statistics based on UCR data submitted by 362 Alabama law enforcement agencies. While monthly UCR reporting is an FBI requirement, 36 law enforcement agencies provided UCR data of six months or less to ACJIC, including the Birmingham (AL) Police Department which is one of the state's largest contributing agencies. A listing of all contributing law enforcement agencies and the number of months of UCR data which was submitted to ACJIC is included in Appendix C of the report.
The Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center (ACJIC) is the state agency responsible for gathering and providing critical information for Alabama's law enforcement and the criminal justice community. Leading the nation in the development of ground-breaking technology, ACJIC connects local, state and federal law enforcement agencies to the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) administered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and also provides access to law enforcement in all 50 states and internationally via Nlets, the International Justice and Public Safety Network.
Alabama's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program is administered by ACJIC through the Alabama Statistical Analysis Center to provide uniform crime statistics to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The report also includes an overview of certain Part II crimes, as well as statistics regarding arrests and recovered property.
A full report of Alabama's crime statistics may be viewed in the Crime in Alabama, 2010 report, which is available online at http://www.acjic.alabama.gov/crime.cfm ACJIC also provides an interactive Crime in Alabama 2010 dashboard, which allows citizens to quickly search and locate statistics on Part I and Part II crimes reported by particular law enforcement agencies or in particular counties to the state's UCR program, on its website.