HIV/AIDS on the decline in Alabama

MONTGOMERY, AL (WSFA) - Alabama's HIV/AIDS rate is on the decline, according to Auburn University at Montgomery's Center for Demographic Research.

According to the center's 2013 sexually transmitted diseases data sheet, the state's syphilis rate is also on the decline, but chlamydia and gonorrhea infections are up.

According to the report, 12.27 people per 100,000 were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in 2012, which is slightly lower than 13.75 per 100,000 registered in 2011. The rates for syphilis saw a similar decline with 15.55 per 100,000 people in 2011 to 14.85 per 100,000 in 2012.

Director of the AUM Center for Demographic Research Yanyi Djamba says the jumps in chlamydia and gonorrhea rates need to be addressed.

"If not well treated, these infections may result in serious reproductive and other health problems in both men and women," Djamba said.

At the state level the rate declined last year, but that wasn't the case for all counties.

Pickens County saw the greatest increase with a jump from 10.24 to 30.73 per 100,000 people between 2011 and 2012.

Ten counties saw no change, while 32 counties, including Montgomery County, saw a decline.

AUM also noted that Alabama's teen pregnancy rate dropped from 32.5 to 29.6 pregnancies per 1,000 females ages 10-19 in the last two years. Bullock County once again had the highest rate with 48.1 per 1,000 in the last two years. That was down from 64.4 per 1,000.

Shelby County continues to have the lowest rate of teen pregnancy in the state with 13.7 per 1,000 in 2012.

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