Glossary of Cancer Related Terms D - F - WSFA.com Montgomery Alabama news.

Glossary of Cancer Related Terms D - F

D

Drug resistance

The result of cells' ability to resist the effects of a specific drug.

Dysphagia

Difficulty in swallowing.

Dyspnea

Difficult or painful breathing; shortness of breath.

Dysuria

Difficult or painful urination.

E

Edema

The accumulation of fluid in part of the body.

Effusion

A collection of fluid in a body cavity, usually between two adjoining tissues. For example, a pleural effusion is the collection of fluid between two layers of the pleura (the lung's covering).

Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)

A test that takes recordings of the electrical activity of the heart.

Endoscopy

A procedure looking at the inside of body cavities, such as the esophagus (food pipe) or stomach.

Erythema

Redness of the skin.

Erythrocyte

The red blood cell that carries oxygen to body cells and carbon dioxide away from body cells.

Esophagitis

Inflammation of the esophagus (food pipe).

Estrogen

A female hormone produced primarily by the ovaries.

Estrogen receptor assay (ER assay)

A test that determines if breast cancer is stimulated by the hormone estrogen.

Excision

Surgical removal.

Extravasation

The leaking of intravenous fluids or medications into tissue surrounding the infusion site. Extravasation may cause tissue damage.

F

Fine-needle aspirate

A procedure in which a needle is inserted, under local anesthesia, to obtain a sample for the evaluation of suspicious tissue.

Fistula

An abnormal opening between two areas of the body.

Frozen section

A technique in which tissue is removed and then quick-frozen and examined under a microscope by a pathologist.

 

Source: National Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute No implicit or explicit endorsement of any company is implied.

  • Cancer Care Center of Montgomery

    Glossary of Cancer Related Terms

    This is a small index of cancer related terms that you may find useful if you or someone you know is suffering from cancer or just would like more information.More >>
  • Glossary of Cancer Related Terms L - N

    L Laryngectomy The surgical removal of the larynx. Lesion A lump or abscess that may be caused by injury or disease, such as cancer. Leukemia Cancer of the blood. White blood cells may be More >>
  • Glossary of Cancer Related Terms G - I

    G Granulocyte A type of white blood cell that kills bacteria. Groshong catheter See Central venous catheter. Guaiac test A test that checks for hidden blood in the stool. H Hematocrit More >>
  • Glossary of Cancer Related Terms O - R

    O OCN (Oncology certified nurse) A registered nurse who has met the requirements and successfully completed a certification examination in oncology. Oncologist A doctor who specializes in oncology.More >>
  • Glossary of Cancer Related Terms S - Z

    S Sarcoma A malignant tumor of muscles or connective tissue such as bone and cartilage. Chondrosarcoma A malignant tumor of cartilage that usually occurs near the ends of the long bones. Ewing'sMore >>
Powered by Frankly