Glossary of Cancer Related Terms L - N - Montgomery Alabama news.

Glossary of Cancer Related Terms L - N



The surgical removal of the larynx.


A lump or abscess that may be caused by injury or disease, such as cancer.


Cancer of the blood. White blood cells may be produced in excessive amounts and are unable to work properly.


See White blood cell.


A low number of white blood cells.


See Mastectomy-Segmental.


A test to look at the lymph nodes.

Lymphatic system

A network that includes lymph nodes, lymph, and lymph vessels that serves as a filtering system for the blood.


Swelling either from obstructed cancerous lymph nodes or from surgically removed lymph nodes.

Lymph nodes

Hundreds of small oval bodies that contain lymph. Lymph nodes act as our first line of defense against infections and cancer.


White blood cells that kill viruses and defend against the invasion of foreign material.


A cancer of the lymphatic system. Doctors differentiate the different lymphomas by the type of cell that is involved in the makeup of the tumor. Treatments depend on the type of cell that is seen.


Malignant tumor

A tumor made up of cancer cells of the type that can spread to other parts of the body.

Mammogram (Mammography)

A low-dose x-ray / picture of the breasts to determine whether abnormal growths or cysts are present.


The surgical removal of the breast.

Mastectomy - Segmental (lumpectomy)

Removal of the lump and a small amount of surrounding breast tissue.

Mastectomy - Simple (modified mastectomy)

Removal of the entire breast.

Mastectomy - Radical

Removal of the entire breast along with underlying muscle and lymph nodes of the armpit.


A cancer of the pigment-forming cells of the skin or the retina of the eye.


To spread from the first cancer site, for example, breast cancer that spreads to the bone.

Monoclonal antibodies

Artificially manufactured antibodies specifically designed to find targets on cancer cells for diagnostic or treatment purposes.

MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)

A sophisticated test that provides in-depth images of organs and structures in the body.

Mucosa (Mucous membranes)

The lining of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract.


Inflammation of the lining of the mouth or gastrointestinal tract.


An x-ray procedure by which a dye is injected into the spinal column to show any pathology of the spinal cord.


A malignant tumor of the bone marrow associated with the production of abnormal proteins.


A decrease in the production of red blood cells, platelets, and some white blood cells by the bone marrow.



A new growth of tissue or cells; a tumor that is generally malignant.


A decreased number of neutrophils, a type of white blood cell.

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

A cancer of the lymphatic system. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is related to Hodgkin's disease but is made up of different cell types. See Lymphoma.

Source: National Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute No implicit or explicit endorsement of any company is implied.

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