Glossary of Cancer Related Terms S - Z - WSFA.com Montgomery Alabama news.

Glossary of Cancer Related Terms S - Z

S

Sarcoma

A malignant tumor of muscles or connective tissue such as bone and cartilage.

Chondrosarcoma

A malignant tumor of cartilage that usually occurs near the ends of the long bones.

Ewing's sarcoma

A malignant tumor starting in bone, affecting the bones of extremities. It often appears before the age of 20.

Shingles

See Herpes zoster.

Side effects

Secondary effects of drugs used for disease treatment.

Sigmoidoscopy

The visual examination of the rectum and lower colon using a tubular instrument called a sigmoidoscope.

Sputum

Secretions produced by the lungs.

Staging

Determination of extent of the cancer in the body.

Steroids

A type of hormone.

Stoma

An artificial opening between two cavities or between a cavity and the surface of the body.

Stomatitis

Temporary inflammation and soreness of the mouth.

Systemic disease

A disease that affects the entire body instead of a specific organ.

T

Taste alteration

A temporary change in taste perception.

Testicular self-examination (TSE)

A simple manual self-examination of the testes.

Thoracentesis (Pleural tap)

A procedure to remove fluids from the area between the two layers (pleura) covering the lung.

Thrombocytopenia

An abnormally low number of platelets (thrombocytes). If the platelet count is too low, bleeding could occur.

Tracheostomy

A surgical opening through the trachea in the neck to provide an artifical airway.

Tumor

An abnormal overgrowth of cells. Tumors can be either benign or malignant.

U

Ultrasound examination

The use of high frequency sound waves to aid in diagnosis.

Ureterostomy

A surgical procedure consisting of cutting the ureters from the bladder and connecting them to an opening (see Stoma) on the abdomen, allowing urine to flow into a collection bag.

V

Venipuncture

Puncturing a vein in order to obtain blood samples, to start an intravenous drip, or to give medication.

Vesicant

A medication or agent that may cause blistering.

Virus

A tiny infectious agent that is smaller than bacteria. The common cold is caused by a virus, and the herpes simplex virus causes cold sores.

W

White blood cells (WBC)

General term for a variety of cells responsible for fighting invading germs, infection, and allergy-causing agents. Specific white blood cells include granulocytes and lymphocytes.

White blood count (WBC)

The actual number of white blood cells seen in a blood sample.

X

X-ray

High-energy electromagnetic radiation used to diagnose and treat disease. Diagnostic test using high energy to visualize internal body organs. See Radiation therapy.

Source: National Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute No implicit or explicit endorsement of any company is implied.

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