Mosquitos need water to reproduce. They can breed anywhere a puddle of water exists, particularly if the water is standing for more than four days. Remove opportunities for standing water around your house and reduce the opportunities for mosquitos to breed.
- Dispose of, or regularly empty, any metal cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots, and other water holding containers (including trash cans) on your property. Don't forget children's toys which can often be found containing standing water, (example, a child's dump truck).
- Pay special attention to discarded tires. Tires are a common place for mosquitos to breed.
- Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers that are left outdoors, so water can drain out.
- Clean clogged roof gutters of leaves and debris that prevent drainage of rainwater.
- Turn over plastic wading pools and wheelbarrows when not in use.
- Do not allow water to stagnate in birdbaths. Change it every three or four days.
- Aerate ornamental ponds or stock them with fish.
- Keep swimming pools clean and properly chlorinated. Remove standing water from pool covers.
- Use landscaping to eliminate standing water that collects on your property.
- Keep vegetation trimmed low to eliminate resting sites for mosquitos in the daytime.
- Use mosquito fish, (Gambusia), which eat larvae and live well with gold fish.
- Clean brooks and stream banks on the property to allow water to flow smoothly.
- Keep windows and door screens in good condition.
- Replace porch lights with yellow light bulbs that will attract fewer insects.
- Replenish pet watering dishes daily.
- Fill tree holes and depressions left by fallen trees with dirt or sand.
Sources: CDC, Vermont Department of Health, Alabama Department of Public Health