BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) - Alabama's first black federal judge, U.S. District Judge U.W. Clemon of Birmingham, says he will retire from the bench Jan. 31.
The 65-year-old Clemon says he will return to practicing civil law instead of taking senior status on the court, a form of semi-retirement with pay.
Clemon says his decision to retire stems from pay issues and changes in the federal courts' direction with which he disagrees. President Carter appointed Clemon in 1980.